Ernesto Bruno Lapadula

Ernesto Angelo Lapadula , also said Bruno ( Pisticci , 6 August 1902 – Rome , 24 January 1968 ), was an architect , urban planner and academic Italian .

«Unusual and ambiguous destiny, that of Ernesto Bruno Lapadula: that of having given Rome one of its most characteristic buildings, inseparable now by its architectural identity …»

( Paolo Portoghesi , from the presentation of the book by M. Casavecchia, 1986 )

1 Biography
2 Archive
3 Main works
4 Acknowledgments
4.1 Honors
4.2 Tributes
5 Writings
6 Notes
7 Bibliography
8 Other projects
9 External links

Palace of Italian Civilization, model of around 1940. Exhibited at the National Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo da Vinci , Milan.
He attended high school in Melfi (PZ) after which he went to Rome , enrolling in the School of Architecture , where he graduated in 1931 under the guidance of Marcello Piacentini . Infantry officer, he reached the rank of First Captain of the 2nd Regiment of Granatieri di Sardegna .

He was also active as a cartoonist, illustrator (activities for which he chose the pseudonym “Bruno di Lucania”), painter [1] and, finally, as a journalist [2] . After the war he published articles in various newspapers in which he severely criticized the modalities and the quality of the reconstruction of the Italian cities from which the young architects had been excluded [3] .

In 1928 he had joined the MIAR (Italian Movement of Rational Architecture) from which the Italian Rationalism took off . His studio in Piazza del Popolo in Rome was, initially, the place where the members of MIAR held their meetings. Among his many activities, he distinguished himself as a designer of furniture and furnishings in collaboration with the National Agency for Crafts and Small Industries (ENAPI) [4] .

Palace of Italian Civilization (1984)
After having designed, in the period 1937 – 1941 , the Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana accepted, in agreement with the other two architects Giovanni Guerrini and Mario Romano , the appointment as “procurator with full powers” in the design and artistic direction of the exhibition of the Italian Civilization: but the exhibition, which was then to give rise to a permanent museum, was not held because of the entry into the war of Italy .

Son of the socialist Donato Lapadula (Pisticci 1873 – Rome 1949), Ernesto while participating in the competitions organized by the Fascist government (including the staging of numerous exhibitions) preserved, like many Italian architects and engineers of that period, his political ideas and his study was also frequented by opponents of the regime, including Antonello Trombadori and Lidia Duchini, artists and intellectuals [5] .

From 1940 he was an extraordinary assistant in the Department of Architectural Design and Relief of the monuments of the Royal University of Rome, in 1946 he was entrusted with the teaching of interior architecture and in 1948 that of the subject of which he had initially been an assistant. Two brothers, the architects Attilio Lapadula (Pisticci 1917 – Rome 1981) and Emilio Lapadula (Pisticci 1922 – Rome 2010), collaborated with him in the study of Rome , a third brother doctor Ettore Lapadula actively participated in the cultural life, created around Ernesto, as an art critic.

He was one of the founders and first president of the Art Club of via Margutta [6] in Rome, which became the meeting place of painters, sculptors, architects, writers, poets, actors and directors in the early post-war years.

«I went to the nearby Art Club, to thank for a moment the secretary, the sweet Jolena Baldini (Berenice ed), … She wanted me to come in, there was only the architect Lapadula, our partner [7] , they offered me by force of a vermuth, they tried affectionately to lift my soul. “

( Sibilla Aleramo , Diary of a Woman, Unpublished 1945-1960 , Feltrinelli publisher, Milan, 1978 )
In 1948 he left Italy for Argentina where the National University of Córdoba had offered him the chair of Architectural Composition and then that of Urban Planning . Upon his arrival at the Argentinian University, thanks to Ernesto and other young professors, a profound renewal, in a modern sense, of the teaching of Architecture and Urbanism corresponded [8] . In these years most of his writings on Town Planning and History of Cities can be dated . He also collaborated with the magazines “Historia del Urbanismo” and “Revista Económica”.Córdoba , Catamarca and Salta , and responsible for Planning ( Asesor de Planificación ) of the city of Córdoba.

In 1963 he returned to Italy where he devoted himself above all to drawing and painting [9] .

Most of his projects and writings are kept in the Rome office, which has been declared “of significant historical interest” and therefore cultural heritage [10] . All documentation relating to his work as a designer and photographer was bound by the Lazio Archives Superintendence on 2 December 1992 [11] . The current head of the archive and the studio is the architect Bruno Filippo Lapadula .

Main works

Tempera painting by E. Lapadula for the Ceramist Village in Seminara (Reggio Calabria), 1931

Tempera painting by E. Lapadula for the Church of San Rocco a Pisticci (Matera) from 1934

Drawing by E. Lapadula for the nautical house of the Cavalieri Colombo in Rome in 1934

Oil painting by E. Lapadula for the Competition of the Palace of Italian Civilization in Rome (EUR) of 1937
Arrangement of Villa Bellini in Catania , 1929
Casa del Fascio of Taranto (graduation project), 1931
Competition for the Palazzata in Messina , 1931 with Giuseppe Marletta
Village of the ceramists in Seminara , 1931
Preture competitions and postal buildings in Rome , 1933 – 1934
Competition for the Palazzo Littorio (I and II degree) in Rome , 1933 – 1937 with Mario Ridolfi
Church of San Rocco a Pisticci , 1934
Casina Nautica of the Cavalieri di Colombo Foundation on the Lungotevere Flaminio in Rome , 1934
Piazza Impero (currently Piazza della Libertà) in Ragusa , 1934
Palace of the Corporate Economy (currently Chamber of Commerce) in Matera , 1935
Pavilions of Lignite, dell’Arte, Talco and Grafite, research and inventions at the Autarchic Exhibition of Italian Minerals , 1938
Palace of Italian Civilization at the EUR in Rome for the E14 Universal Exposition , 1937 – 1939 with Giovanni Guerrini and Mario Romano
Pavilions of the Bank of Italy, the Army, Credit and Trade for the Mostra d’Oltremare in Naples , 1937 – 1940
Furnishing of the photographic studies of Ghitta Carell in Milan and Rome , 1942
Urbanistic and architectural project of the University City in Bratislava , 1942 with Attilio Lapadula
Project of the Ministries Square in Bratislava , 1942 with Attilio Lapadula
Superelevation of the Town Hall at Pisticci , 1948
Knight of the Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity in 1957 – ribbon for ordinary uniform Knight of the Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity in 1957
In 1968 the City Council of Córdoba ( Argentina ) dedicated a street to him, for the activity carried out in the planning of the city.
In 1975 the National University of Córdoba ( Argentina ) named him a classroom for the teaching activity.
In 2009 the Ente EUR of Rome named him one of the rooms of the Palazzo dei Ricevimenti and the Congressi , for his work as a designer.
The municipal administration of Rome decided in 2010 to dedicate a public space for the activity of designer and teacher.
In 2018 the Municipal Administration of Pisticci dedicated a lodge in the city to the brothers Ernesto, Attilio and Ettore Lapadula.
Bruno (Ernesto) Lapadula, Visit to the New York World Fair , in “Architecture”, July 1939 – XVII, Garzanti Editore, Milan.
E. Lapadula, Contribución to an urban economic policy , in “Revista Económica”, Año V, Nro. 15/16, Julio 1958 / Junio ​​1959.
E. Lapadula, Urbanism , Universidad nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba 1963.
E. Lapadula, Origen de la ciudad hispanoamericana , Direcion general de publicaciones, Ciudad Universitaria, Córdoba 1963.
E. Lapadula, Orden y destin de la ciudad de Córdoba , Direcion general de publicaciones, Ciudad Universitaria, Córdoba 1963.
^ G. Appella, La Padula and Sud , Edizioni della Scaletta, Rome 1987.
^ Ernesto Lapadula in 1933 edited the Architecture Newsletter column on the weekly “Futurism”.
^ Some articles by Ernesto Lapadula, published in the newspaper “Il Tempo” and the magazine “Alfabeto”, have been republished in: M. Casavecchia (edited by), Ernesto B. Lapadula. Works and writings, 1930-49 , CLUVA Editrice, Venice 1986.
^ I. de Guttry and MP Maino, Il mobile déco italiano , Editori Laterza, Bari 1988.
^ BF Lapadula, Studies and Archives of Architects , in “Strenna dei Romanisti”, Editrice RomaAmor, Rome 2004.
^ Berenice, the magical workshop of Maccari and Moravia , in “Paese Sera” on Tuesday 22 May 1979.
^ Ernesto Lapadula joined the Italian Communist Party in 1945 .
^ A. Trecco, History of the FAUD (Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbansmo de la Universitad National de Córdoba) , essay published on the website of the Faculty.
^ M. Casavecchia (edited by), Ernesto B. Lapadula. Works and writings, 1930-49 , CLUVA Editrice, Venice 1986.
^ M. Guccione, D. Pesce, E. Reale, Guide to the Archives of Architecture in Rome and Lazio. From Rome, capital after World War II , Gangemi Editore, Rome 1999.
^ Constraint pursuant to the Decree of the President of the Republic September 30, 1963 n. 1409.
M. Casavecchia (edited by), Ernesto B. Lapadula. Works and writings, 1930-49 , CLUVA Editrice, Venice, 1986.
L. Patetta and A. Pellicani (ed.), Italian architects and engineers in Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay , Italo-Latin American Institute, Rome, 2002.
M. Casciato and S. Poretti (edited by), The Palace of Italian Civilization , Federico Motta Editore, Rome, 2002.
P. Barbera, Architectures in Sicily between the two wars , Sellerio Editore, Palermo, 2002.
BF Lapadula, Studies and Archives of Architects , in ” Strenna dei Romanisti “, Editrice RomaAmor, Rome, 2004.
GM Viñuales (edited by), Italianos en la Arquitectura Argentina , CEDODAL, Buenos Aires, 2004.