Foster + Partners is a British international studio for architecture and integrated design, with headquarters in London. The practice is led by its founder and Chairman, Norman Foster, and has constructed many high-profile glass-and-steel buildings.


Foster + Partners London office
Established by Norman Foster as Foster Associates in 1967 shortly after leaving Team 4, the firm was renamed Sir Norman Foster and Partners Ltd in 1992 and shortened to Foster & Partners Ltd in 1999 to more accurately reflect the influence of the other lead architects.[1]

In 2007 the private equity company 3i took a stake in the practice. This was bought back by the practice in June 2014 to become wholly owned by the 140 partners.[2]

Major projects[edit]
Major projects, by year of completion and ordered by type, are:


  • More London, London, UK (1998–2000)
  • Duisburg Inner Harbour, Germany (1991–2003)
  • Trafalgar Square Redevelopment, London, UK (1996–2003)
  • Quartermile, Edinburgh, Scotland (2001–)
  • Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, UAE (2007–)
  • West Kowloon Cultural District, Hong Kong (2009)
  • Thames Hub, UK (2011–)
  • Central Square, Cardiff, UK (under construction)


  • Millau Viaduct, the highest road bridge in the world (2004)
  • Western Årsta Bridge, Årstabroarna, Sweden (1994/2005)
  • Millennium Bridge in London (1998–2002)


  • Reichstag building redevelopment in Berlin (1999)
  • London City Hall (2002)
  • New Supreme Court Building, Singapore (2005)
  • Palace of Peace and Reconciliation in Astana, Kazakhstan (September 2006)
  • Buenos Aires City Hall (new headquarters), Buenos Aires, Argentina[3] (April 2015)


  • Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts at University of East Anglia in Norwich, UK (1978)
  • Clyde Auditorium, part of the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre complex, Glasgow (1997)
  • Sackler Galleries, Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK (1985–1991)
  • Carré d’Art, Nîmes, France (1984–1993)
  • American Air Museum, Imperial War Museum Duxford, UK (1997) — Stirling Prize
  • Redevelopment of the Queen Elizabeth II Great Court of the British Museum (2000)
  • The Sage Gateshead, Gateshead, England (1997–2004)
  • The Zenith, Zénith de Saint-Étienne, St Etienne, France (2004–2007)
  • The Robert and Arlene Kogod Courtyard, Smithsonian Institution, National
  • Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC (2004–2007)
  • Winspear Opera House, Dallas (2003–2009)
  • Art of the Americas Wing, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, USA (1999-2010)
  • Khan Shatyr Entertainment Center, Astana, Kazakhstan (2006–2010)
  • Sperone Westwater Gallery, New York, USA (2008–2010)
  • Extension to Lenbachhaus art museum, Munich (2013)
  • The SSE Hydro, Glasgow, Scotland (2004–2013)

Higher education

  • Kings Norton Library, Cranfield University, UK (1994)
  • Faculty of Law, Cambridge, Cambridge, UK (1995)
  • Faculty of Management (now known as Aberdeen Business School), The Robert Gordon University, UK (1998)
  • Imperial College School of Medicine, Sir Alexander Flemming Building, London, UK (1994–1998)
  • Center for Clinical Science Research, Stanford University Stanford, California, USA (1995–2000)
  • British Library of Political and Economic Science, London School of Economics, London, UK (1993–2001)
  • Imperial College London, Flowers Building London, UK (1997–2001)
    Faculty of Social Studies, University of Oxford, UK (1996–2002)
    James H. Clark Center, Stanford, California, USA (1999–2003)
    Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Tronoh, Perak, Malaysia (2004)
    Tanaka Business School, as of 2008 renamed the Imperial College Business School, London (2004)
    Free University of Berlin Berlin, Germany (2005)
    Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada (2006)
    Library, California State University Channel Islands, Camarillo, California, USA (2000–2008)
    Yale School of Management, new campus, New Haven, USA (projected 2013)[4]
    Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, UAE (2007–2015)
    China Resources University, Shenzhen (2011–2016)
    Wembley Stadium reconstruction (2007)
    Lusail Iconic Stadium, Qatar (2010)
    Stansted Airport, UK (1991)
    Metro Bilbao, Spain (1995) — Line 2 (2004)
    Hong Kong International Airport, Chek Lap Kok in Hong Kong (1998)
    Canary Wharf Underground Station, London, UK (1999)
    Expo MRT Station, Singapore (2001)
    Dresden Central Station Redevelopment, Germany (1997–2006)
    Beijing Capital International Airport (2008)
    London Heathrow Airport East Terminal (projected 2013)
    Spaceport America, New Mexico (2005–2013)
    Four railway stations for the Haramain High Speed Rail Project, Saudi Arabia (projected 2015)[5]
    Kai Tak Cruise Terminal, Hong Kong (2013)[6]
    New Mexico City International Airport (projected 2020)
    Slussen, re-development and masterplan of a major transportation hub in central Stockholm (projected 2022)[7]
    Queen Alia International Airport, Amman, Jordan (2005–2013)
    Thames Hub, UK (from 2011)
    Thames Hub Airport, UK (from 2013)
    Ocean Terminal extension, Hong Kong (under construction, projected late 2017)
    York University (TTC) station – TYSSE, Vaughan, Ontario/Toronto, Ontario, (under construction, projected 2018)
    Fred. Olsen Lines terminal, London Docklands (1971)
    Willis Building (Ipswich), UK (1971–1975)
    HSBC Tower, Hong Kong (1986)
    Commerzbank Tower in Frankfurt, Germany (1997)
    Citigroup Centre, London, UK (1996–2000)
    HSBC HQ, 8 Canada Square, London, UK (1997–2002)
    Gherkin/30 St Mary Axe, London — Swiss Re headquarters (2004) — Stirling Prize winner
    McLaren Technology Centre, base for the McLaren Formula One team and McLaren Group (2004)
    Deutsche Bank Place, Sydney, Australia (1997–2005)
    Hearst Tower, New York City (June 2006)
    Willis Building (London) London, UK (2001–2007)
    Caja Madrid, Madrid, Spain (2002–2009)
    Apple Park in Cupertino, California
    Bloomberg L.P. European HQ, London, UK (2017)
    The Great Glashouse National Botanic Garden of Wales, Wales, UK (1995–2000)
    Elephant House, Copenhagen Zoo#Foster’s Elephant House, Denmark (2002–2008)
    Dolder Grand restoration, Zürich, Switzerland (2002–2008)
    Faustino Winery Bodegas Faustino, Castilla y Leon, Spain (2007–2010)
    ME Hotel, ME by Meliá, London, UK (2004–2013)
    Mixed use[edit]
    Albion Riverside, London, UK (1998–2003)
    Al Faisaliyah Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (1994–2000)
    The Index (Dubai), Dubai, UAE (2010)
    The Troika (Kuala Lumpur), Malaysia (2004–2011)
    The Bow, Calgary (2005–2013)
    Central Market Project, Abu Dhabi, UAE (2006–2013)
    One Central Park, Sydney (2012–2013)
    (Formerly) 200 Greenwich Street, New York (projected 2020) Two World Trade Center
    CityCenterDC, Washington, D.C. (first portion projected 2012; second portion projected 2015)
    Crystal Island (completion date not set yet)
    Hermitage Plaza, La Défense, Paris (from 2008)
    India Tower (cancelled)
    Comcast Technology Center, Philadelphia (predicted completion date 2017)
    VietinBank Business Center Office Tower, Hanoi, Vietnam (predicted completion date 2017)
    Principal Place (including Principal Tower), London (completed c. 2017)
    Battersea Power Station Phase 3, London, UK (under construction)[8]
    The One, Toronto, Canada (projected 2020)
    The Murezzan, St Moritz, Switzerland (2003–2007)[9]
    Regent Place, Sydney, Australia (2003–2007)[10]
    Jameson House, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada (2004–2011)[11]
    The Aleph, Buenos Aires, Argentina (2006–2013)[12]
    Anfa Place, Casablanca, Morocco (2007–2013)[13]
    Faena House, Miami Beach[14][15]
    The Towers by Foster + Partners, Brickell (Miami)
    Arcoris Mont Kiara, Malaysia (projected 2016)
    610 Lexington Avenue (projected 2016)[16]
    50 United Nations Plaza (projected 2014)[17]
    Apple Orchard Road in Singapore
    Apple Dubai Mall in UAE
    Apple Union Square in San Francisco, California, USA
    Apple Michigan Avenue in Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Apple Zorlu Centre in Turkey
    Apple Westlake in China
    Apple Regent Street in UK
    Apple Brussels in Belgium
    Future Apple Store in Washington DC, USA
    Future Apple Store in Italy
    Hall of Realms, Madrid
    York University (TTC), Toronto (projected 2018)
    BBC Wales headquarters building, Cardiff, Wales (under construction)